National Education Policy (NEP) of India 2020!

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Earlier Modifications in India's Education Policy:

  • University Education Commission (1948-49)
  • Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
  • Education Commission (1964-66) under Dr. D.S. Kothari
  • National Policy on Education, 1968
  • 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976 - Education was included in Concurrent List
  • National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
  • NPE modified in 1982 through Program of Action 1992
  • Current NDA Government asked for a report to help design the New Education Policy
    • T.S.R. Subramanian Committee Report (27 May, 2016)
    • Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report (31 May, 2019)

NEP 2020: Consultation Process

  • Between May-October 2015, nearly 2.5 lakhs Gram Panchayats, 6600 Blocks, 6000 ULBs, 676 Districts were consulted.
  • Draft of NEP was created in 2019. Summary was available in 27 Languages/Audio Books
  • Educational dialogue was conducted with MPs of Andra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karnataka and Odisha to incorporate their advice in the policy.

NEP 2020: Major Reforms in Higher Education

  • Target to achieve 50% Enrollment ratio in Higher Educational Institutions by 2035.
  • Provision to facilitate Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education i.e. Flexibility of Subjects. Entry/Exit from multiple courses will be allowed. 
    • UG will be 3 or 4 year
    • PG will be 1 or 2 year
    • Integrated 5 year Bachelor's / Master's degree
    • M.Phil degree would be discontinued
  • Research / Training Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting Colleges would be established.
  • Establishment of Multidisciplinary Education and Research University(MERU) to serve as model for other universities.
  • Affiliation of Colleges/Universities would expire after 15 years, following which they would need to renew their affiliation.
  • There would be a Single Regulatory body for Higher Education(excluding Legal and Medical studies).
  • Public Investment in the education sector to be increased to 6% of the GDP
  • Integration of Vocational, Teacher and Professional Education
  • Special Education Zones to be created for Disadvantaged Regions
  • National Institutes for ancient languages of Pali, Persian and Prakrit to be established
  • MHRD to be renamed as Ministry of Education.

NEP 2020: Reforms pertaining to Indian Culture and Values

  • Focus on Literature and Scientific Vocabulary of Indian Languages, Establishment of Language Faculty.
  • Strengthening National Institutes for Research on Languages, promotion on Classical Languages and Literature.
  • Establishment of Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI)
  • Promotion of Cultural Awareness of our Indian Knowledge Systems.

NEP 2020: Focus on Technology

  • Extensive use of Technology in:
    • Education Planning
    • Teaching, Learning and Assessment
    • Administration & Management
    • Regulation - Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface
  • Increase Access to education for Disadvantaged groups.
  • Use of Divyang Friendly Education Software
  • Provision for  E-Content in Regional Languges.
  • Establishment of National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) and Virtual Labs.
  • Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers and Students.

NEP 2020: Major Reforms in School Education

  • Make Early Childhood Care and Education(ECCE) universal across India.
  • To enable every child with basic Maths and Written ability, National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy is proposed.
  • Earlier the school education was only recognized as 10+2(class 1-10)+(class 11-12) and preliminary education was neglected by the government. A major positive reform has been the introduction of 5+3+3+4 Curricular which means now, schooling would be seen as 5 years of preliminary(class Nursery-2), 3 years of junior school(class 3-5), 3 years of middle school(class 6-8) and 4 years of high school(class 9-12).
  • School Curriculum to include 21st Century skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific Temper. Reduction in curriculum to focus on core concepts
  • No rigid separation between Arts and Science, between Curricular and Extra-Curricular and between Vocational and Academic streams.
  • Vocational Integration from class 6th onwards.
  • Board Examinations to be structured to have Low Stakes(as compared to the stressful exams today) and Based on Knowledge Application.
  • Medium of education till at-least class 5, and preferably even till class 8+ in Home Language/Mother Tongue/Regional Languages.
  • 360 degree Holistic Progress card for school children.
  • Establishment of National Assessment Center - PARAKH.
  • NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for admission into Higher Educational Institutes(HEIs)
  • Proposal of National Professional Standards for Teachers(NPST).
  • Transparent online self-disclosure of Schools for public oversight and accountability.

NEP 2020: Expected Outcomes

  • Universalization(available to every child) from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030
  • Attaining Foundational Learning & Numerical Skills for all through National Mission by 2025.
  • 100% Gross-enrollment-ratio in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030.
  • Bring Back 2 Cr. Drop Out Students.
  • Teachers to be prepared for Assessment Reforms by 2023.
  • Board Exams to test core concepts and Application of Knowledge.
  • Every child to come out of school adept in at least 1 skill.
  • Common standards of learning in Public and Private Schools.

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